Why would René Descartes, the father of modern rationalist philosophy, choose "meditations"—a term and genre associated with religious discourse and practice—for the title of his magnum opus that lays the metaphysical foundations for his reform of all knowledge, including mathematics and sciences? Why did he believe that the immortality of the soul and the existence of God, which the Meditations on First Philosophy set out to demonstrate, can only be made self-evident through meditating? These are the question that Christopher Wild's book answers.
Descartes discovered the "foundations of a marvelous science" through a dramatic conversion in southern Germany in the winter of 1619. The spiritual and cognitive exercises, derived from ancient philosophy and the Christian meditative tradition, which Descartes deployed in the Meditations, enable readers to discover metaphysical truths with the same degree of self-evidence with which Descartes did during his own conversion. Descartes' meditative turn, Wild argues, brings to a culmination a lifelong preoccupation with the practice or craft of thinking, known as Cartesian method. By joining meditation to method the Meditations becomes the founding document for a Cartesian "art of turning," a new practice of both thought and life.
About the author
Christopher Wild is Professor of Germanic Studies, Theater & Performance Studies and Associate Faculty in the Divinity School at the University of Chicago.
"This is a groundbreaking, dazzling, thought-provoking work that proposes a completely new reading of a—if not the—foundational text of modern Western philosophy. I cannot remember the last time a book so profoundly transformed my understanding of a canonical text."
—Hall Bjørnstad, Indiana University Bloomington
"This brilliant book examines the self-reflexive 'meditative matrix' cultivated by Descartes as a proving ground for the emergence of the cogito and the discovery of the 'marvelous science.' Wild draws attention to crucial but understudied features of the Cartesian philosophy."
—Walter Melion, Emory University
"Wild's Descartes' Meditative Turn is certain to prompt its own readers to turn once more to Descartes' Meditations. This wide-ranging intellectual history reveals afresh the depth of influence and ingenuity subtending Descartes' encounters with the genre and practice of meditation."
—Andrea Gadberry, New York University